J. A. Hunter: The Adventures of a Game Warden in an Africa Which Is No More

Many a sun has risen and set since that day in the nineteen-fifties when I encountered the adventurous life of John A. Hunter in the book stacks of the San Mateo public library. Somehow – and I do not remember quite how – I had become enamored of the African bush and its wildlife while in high school, and I was exploring the downtown library stacks for some good books on the subject.


Hunter is the autobiography of one of Africa’s last and greatest professional “white hunters,” as they were called. True to the genre, J.A. Hunter, a Scotsman, came to Africa from Europe in 1908 seeking a life of excitement and purpose as did so many others. Published in 1952, the pages of this little book fairly brim with excitement and adventure as the author recalls one memorable incident after another in his long career as guide and game warden.

Among the many books on my library shelves – books on all manner of topics – this little volume occupies an honored spot on my den shelves. I bought this copy new, in a hole-in-the-wall bookstore in nearby Palo Alto just a few years after I had first discovered the book in our downtown library. Like the Africa so vividly described between the book’s covers, that little bookstore disappeared long ago as has the former quaintness of the rustic shopping center just kitty-corner from the Stanford University campus. So much has changed over the years since I purchased this book.

So, this little book holds many memories for me, actual and symbolic. I was captivated by J.A. Hunter’s exciting adventures in the bush back then and still am today. I could discern, even as a teenager, that this fellow was writing an honest account of life in the African bush as a professional hunter. His personality and integrity are reflected in his words; embellishment does not tarnish his depictions.


 J. A. Hunter: Last of a breed, and one of the best

No Place for Professional Hunters in Today’s Africa

I am extremely sensitive to the plight of Africa’s wildlife, today, convinced that we are on the threshold of destroying, forever, some of nature’s most majestic creatures. The times are dramatically changed from the days when wild animals roamed free and plentiful. Accordingly, I am against any big game hunting in Africa except that done with a camera. Much of J.A. Hunter’s professional hunting was done as a game control warden near Nairobi in the early days, a time when thinning the vast herds of wildlife was considered necessary both for the human residents of the region and the animals, themselves. Often, he was called upon to dispatch a rogue elephant or rhino (such as the one pictured on the book’s cover) which was marauding the native villages. There were lions, too, which had tasted human flesh and had to be dealt with – the storied “man-eaters.” Hunter later witnessed the rapidly changing outlook for Africa’s wildlife which threatened the very animals he had, long ago, learned to respect. He no doubt was appalled by the prospects that loomed for Africa’s irreplaceable wildlife. In the last years of his long career, he was employed as a safari “safety,” the only gun in the entourage of strictly photographic “shooters.”

Captain A.T.A. Ritchie who was the Game Warden of Kenya from 1923 to 1949 writes in the book’s Introductory Note about Hunter’s unique qualifications as a hunter. As to why J.A. was always given the tough, dangerous assignments, he stated it is because, “he has been fitted for it by his great qualities: unrivaled experience and knowledge of animal behavior, surpassing skill and speed in handling firearms, and most importantly perhaps an equable temperament and iron nerve, a formidable combination.” He goes on to say, “It is not for blood lust that has made him volunteer when dangerous game have had to be killed, for he has never enjoyed the taking of life; it is the thrill of the hunt and the danger of it that he revels in, and the practice of skill that alone maintains the thin line which separated superman from suicide.” I love that last sentence: “Thin line,” indeed, and ever-present as suggested by the accounts related in the book.

As interesting as Hunter’s adventures and close-calls with the “big five” of Africa’s wildlife are his associations with various hunting clients in the early days. One that stands out was an English girl named Fay. Hunter relates, “Some clients may be headaches but they are also a pleasure to be with. I remember a young English girl called Fay, barely out of her teens, whose greatest pleasure was to be on safari. Much snow has fallen on [Mount] Kilimanjaro since I took this girl hunting, but I can picture her before me now, dressed in semi-cowboy fashion, a silk bandana loosely tied around her dark hair, ends tucked into a shirt blouse, while a fancy-headed pigskin belt was wound around her slim waist to hold her cartridges. Fay was a true open-air girl: a fine fisherman, an excellent shot and a splendid rider. Her horses and dogs adored her. Vim and dash surrounded her like light around a lamp. No matter what came up, Fay was game for it….. Fay had unlimited energy and could hunt all day and play all night”

“Poor gay little Fay. When all other thrills failed to satisfy her she took to drugs. What finally happened to her, I have no idea. She was a girl of free morals, no doubt, but she was an excellent shot and a good companion. You can’t expect to find everything in a woman.”

 The Most Dangerous of the African Big-Five?

Hunter ranks the Leopard at the top of the list followed by the lion, the buffalo, the rhino, and finally, the elephant. The reader quickly appreciates the in-depth knowledge of animal behavior that J.A. Hunter had acquired during his years dealing with all five of these animals. For instance, he relates that the leopard is more cunning than the lion. A lion hiding in tall grass will bolt with a few small pebbles thrown in his general direction. A leopard will remain motionless until he is discovered at close quarters and forced to attack. Leopards will kill (goats and smaller cattle) for the sake of killing whereas a lion only hunts for what he will eat.

In chapter 16, he describes the time he and four moran (Masai warriors) were on the trail of a rogue leopard who had taken refuge in a shallow, rocky cave. This animal had caused much trouble for the local Masai. As two of the moran stood by with spears at the ready, the other two probed the cave’s entrance with a long sapling pole. “Suddenly a deep, coarse growl came from the cave, reverberating off the rocky sides. Immediately the leopard burst out like a bullet from a gun. As the leopard charged us he continued to utter a series of grunts, made by his breath’s intake and output. He knocked down the two Masai with the pole and then leaped for one of the armed moran. The man met the charge with a spear thrust. He missed. In an instant the leopard was on top of his shield, mauling him about the face with his forepaws and biting him in the shoulder. The man fell to the ground with the animal still clinging to him. The other moran stabbed at the leopard, his spear passing so close to me that the razor-like head cut my trousers. Instantly the cat turned on him and seized the man by the arm. Down he went, with the leopard ripping him open with both forepaws and hind legs, his teeth still buried in the man’s arm. All this took but seconds, far less than it takes to tell it. I pushed my rifle muzzle against the thick neck of the leopard and fired, blowing a hole through the mass of snarling savagery. So ended the worst cattle killer in that area. I was astonished at the amount of damage this leopard had been able to inflict on the Masai in a matter of moments [they both survived].”


The famed book reviewer of the time, Clifton Fadiman, wrote, “It [the book] takes its place as a classic in the field of animal behavior and psychology. It has the proportions of a prime human document and a record of a way of life that to most of us will seem strange to the point of near-impossibility.” He goes on to say, “I should like to confess that this is the kind of book – all reviewers have their blind spots – I would ordinarily bypass. I started it with skepticism. I finished it, quite lost to everything else, in one absorbed sitting.”

I have found via the internet that other people have discovered J.A. Hunter’s story, as well. The same positive reaction to it is inevitably expressed.

This book provides the reader with factual “escapism” at its best. I have long maintained that fact is stranger than fiction…and more interesting. Closing Hunter after a “read,” I find myself thinking, “What a life the man led! Can such adventure be found in today’s world?” I inevitably conclude that, perhaps it can, but not adventure with the same fine texture that old Africa could offer men like Hunter. And, finally, one cannot help but conclude that they just do not make many men like J.A. Hunter these days.

9 thoughts on “J. A. Hunter: The Adventures of a Game Warden in an Africa Which Is No More

  1. Dear Alan
    I think you are right in your comparison with ‘Moby Dick’. I have read this little book more than 20 times – each time enjoying a new theme such as: the thrill of hunting dangerous animals, weapons and ammunition, wild life, African way of life, JA Hunter’s life etc.
    By the way, do you know of any traces of Hunter in Scotland – say in Dumfries or Shearington?
    Reviewing ‘Out of Africa’ right now brings another question: have you identified any links between Karen Blixen and Hunter? They must have met, but Google can’t locate it. And as you probably know, Bror Blixen was a fantastic big game hunter and safari organizer.
    My link is a photo of the Danish edition of ‘Hunter’ from 1953 – heavily used but still readable – while ‘Out of Africa’ is reviewed on the TV!
    Kind regards
    Preben Munter


    • Hello Preben,
      Thank you so much for commenting on my post concerning J.A. Hunter. It does my heart good to know that others have been similarly moved by Hunter’s compelling account of a way of life and an Africa that is no more. Looking back over my seventy-seven years, discovering his little book, “Hunter,” qualifies as one of those little life-experiences that sticks to one’s ribs, impervious to the passage of time. I can only hope that my four grandchildren will someday find time away from technology and social media to discover that little book and the world it portrays! Indeed, it would make sense that Hunter knew the Blixens, and this is verified on page 92 of Peter Beard’s book, “The End of the Game.” On page 92, Beard relates his visit with J.A. at Makindu: “…he relished going over old times with us: the day he shot a leopard off a native’s back; hunting in unknown areas with Denys Finch-Hatton and Karen Blixen….” Beard’s book (first published in 1965) is a treasure-trove of such African anecdotes despite being a bit quirky in format. Thanks again for reading and commenting! Best regards, Alan.

      • Dear Alan

        Thanks a lot for your link. I have asked the same question to Blixen experts here in Denmark – but with no result!
        And good idea to let children and granchildren have a look at our little book with the yellow pages and black/white photos. Perhaps that could convince them to join me on the next trip to Africa.

        Kind regards

  2. I’m new to this legend J.A Hunter, I meet his grandson Alex Hunter. Became so interested in Alex’s world that I have got to read his grandfathers books. I leave for a five week safari in Africa guided by Alex Hunter himself. Hunters life lives on through his grandson, in a completely different way. Alex’s safaris will date you back to the fifties, and at the same time put you in today’s way of viewing and observing the “big five”. On foot and photographing these wild animals on their land. Alex owns and manages his adventurous tours in Africa. You can contact Alex himself and get a real life view of the adventures of his grandfather, without the hunting of course. Go to alex@insidersafrica.com

    • I am pleased to hear that J.A.Hunter’s grandson continues the grandfather’s safari tradition (though with camera only). I went to the website you provided and viewed the safari packages offered. Thanks for your comments and best wishes for a fine safari experience!

  3. Beautifully written. It’s strange — both I and my father are in no way hunters ourselves, though we do understand the utility and enjoyment that others find in it. Though we dislike the thought of personally raising a gun to kill any animal, we love Hunter’s work — maybe because it is about people, in this case set in an exotic and challenging setting. I second (or third) this recommendation: Like Moby Dick can appeal even to those who do not agree with whale hunting, these stories are treasures that anyone can enjoy. I hope those who have not yet read J. A. Hunter’s books will give them a try with an open mind. Hunter’s Tracks can now be found free online, at Archive.org. His crocodile story (with the Italian Contessa) is merely one of numerous highlights. (Also highly recommended are the better — i.e., earlier — works of Peter H. Capstick.)

    • Thank you so much for your kind and thoughtful comments. Of all my 142 varied posts to date, this is one of my personal favorites. My early-in-life encounter with the books and stories of J.A. Hunter has, for all these years, left a lingering, sweet appreciation that I had the good fortune to learn about him and the Africa that can be no more.

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